Who would benefit from this program?
This system is designed for organisations that
require formal systems to manage the strategic planning and steering
functions. The CPM System is based on the ZOPP methodology, which
is being used in 2200 major projects in 126 countries.
What does it involve?
The CPM System uses Teamwork, Visualisation
and Facilitation to design and manage SMART projects.
ZOPP is the acronym for the German expression
“Ziel Orientierte Projekt Planung” or objectives oriented project
planning. It is a planning methodology for addressing the planning
function in the process of managing a development project through
its life cycle. As a planning method, ZOPP concerns itself with:
- A systematic analysis of the situation in which the intervention
is to be made, so as to have an understanding about how the salient
elements in the system are interlinked. This is intended to unearth
the root cause of problems, and possible leverage points for the
- A transparent identification and assessment of alternative intervention
measures and points lead up to the selection of preferred intervention
- Scheduling of intervention measures and resources towards the
attainment of pre-determined and desired objectives;
- A systematic differentiation between intervention objectives
which are attainable within the responsibility / authority of
project teams, (given their resource and frame conditions), and
those intervention objectives which can only be attained when
other frame conditions become favourable.
The ZOPP approach to planning is participatory
in its application, enabling respective stakeholders in an intervention
initiative to undertake joint planning, consultative / transparent
decision making and steering / control of the implementation process.
The essential elements of ZOPP – teamwork, visualisation,
and facilitation – serve to improve communication and co-operation
among stakeholders in a project context
Main Features of ZOPP
The ZOPP approach:
- Is derived from Management by Objectives (MBO) and the Logical
- Comprises additional analytical elements (participation analysis,
problem analysis, objectives analysis, analysis of alternatives),
and incorporates features of genuine stockholder participation
and visualisation / documentation;
- Clarifies the different roles and functions of important stakeholders
involved in the development process on the basis of actual competencies
- Devises an implementation strategy on the basis of an in-depth
situation analysis related to the needs and potentials of the
- Integrates the different points of view and interests of the
stakeholders in the process of planning and management;
- Gives clear guidelines for managing the process of change in
the different phases of the project life cycle (identification,
design, and implementation);
- Can be used flexibly and brought into line with the factual
and administrative needs of users;
- Is open for any additional method that might be helpful (Cost-benefit
analysis, Participatory Appraisal etc).
The approach is based on a participatory, interactive
working process, which aims to take into consideration the ideas
and interest of all stakeholders.
Strengths of ZOPP
Using ZOPP in a meaningful way will help to:
- Define common and definite objectives;
- Improve communication and co-ordination between co-operating
organisations, central offices, projects, and beneficiaries by
means of joint planning and transparent documentation of proceedings
based on a joint understanding of terms and concepts;
- Encourage all important actors concerned to participate in planning;
- Clarify the scope of responsibility for all actors concerned
thereby encourage accountability, ownership and sustainability;
- Provide indicators for steering, monitoring, and evaluating
the intended development process;
- Improve the implementability of projects and consequently their
impact for intended beneficiaries.
Major Concepts and Instruments of ZOPP
The following features determine the effectiveness
- Guidance by development principles, especially in conceptualising
the project interventions;
- A process oriented approach;
- A set of inter-related instruments which is open (and requires)
to be complemented by other planning methods;
- A team approach to planning to counterbalance sectoral or professional
- Attempts to achieve meaningful compromises in cases of divergent
opinions, expectations and interest;
- Techniques to enhance information flow and communication.
Contact Ronnie Baskind
(02) 9388 0388
Alternatively, use the email form available
on the Contact Us
page. Additional contact information can also be found there.
(02) 9389 4455
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COMiT: ZOPP Overview